Fair Conditioning Mapping Vernacular Materials in different Climatic Zones – Fair Conditioning

Mapping Vernacular Materials in different Climatic Zones


Architectural Design


Vernacular Architecture

Academic Year

1'st Year

Complexity Level


Content tags

Thermal comfort


Vernacular Architecture

Activity Type




Activity duration

2-4 hours


Objective:  To map different vernacular materials used in different climatic zones based on availability and local context. 

Outcome: Understand the relationship between vernacular materials and climate zones

Requirements: Laptop, internet connectivity.

Prerequisites: None


Step 1: Unite the students into 5 groups to represent the 5 climatic zones of India (Hot and dry, warm and humid, temperate, cold and composite). 

Step 2: Each group will research the vernacular materials and how the material supports the climatic conditions. Different cities and sub-zones are given to students within the group. 

Step 3: Research on the materials used for built spaces in today’s context. Reflect how vernacular materials have been replaced/narrowed down to today’s large usage of cement, steel and glass across all climatic zones. 

Step 4: Document the larger impact of this change (topography, land-use, aquifer, water percolation, mining, etc.) from vernacular materials to modern industrial materials, for that context and climatic zone.

Step 5: Each group to present their findings and reflections.

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